Uruguay launches a NAP for the agricultural sector | News | SDG Knowledge Center

September 23, 2019: The Uruguayan government has developed a climate action plan to address the impacts of climate change on the agricultural sector, which will also help the country achieve its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) and the SDGs.

The “Uruguayan National Plan for Adaptation to Climate Variability and Change for the Agricultural Sector” (PAN-Agro) proposes a strategy for 2050 and an action plan for 2025, with adaptation measures focusing on agricultural systems. production, ecosystems and natural resources, livelihoods and institutional capacities. .

The plan aims to increase adaptive capacity and resilience and improve the livelihoods of rural people by adopting sustainable animal and crop production systems, developing and transferring technologies, information systems, insurance climate change, resilient infrastructure, promoting best practices, supporting networks and farmers’ organisations. and building institutional capacity for adaptation.

The NAP-Agro was drawn up following a decade of studies and research which made it possible to improve decision-making on adaptation actions and to formulate the NAP. Studies include: a case study on Uruguay, ‘Safeguarding Livelihoods and Promoting Resilience through National Adaptation Plans,’ and ‘Advocating for gender-responsive adaptation planning in Uruguay: the importance of sex-disaggregated data‘; guides on apply a cost-benefit analysis adaptation measures in agriculture and for estimate loss and damage due to extreme climatic events in agriculture (in Spanish); and studies on gender and adaptation to climate change in agriculture and on climate projections by statistical downscaling (in Spanish).

The formulation of the NAP-Agro is the result of a three-year participatory process, which involved more than 950 people, to identify, sequence and prioritize climate actions. In 2017, a consultation process through a series of Adaptation Dialogues involved over 200 people from the private and public sectors, academia and civil society. These dialogues identified the impacts of climate variability and change and priority adaptation strategies focusing on different production systems, rural women and family farming. Adaptation workshops also took place in agricultural high schools across Uruguay, with the participation of nearly 450 young people. In July, the draft PAN-Agro received feedback from stakeholders from public agricultural institutions, subnational governments, civil society, farmer organizations and academia.

The process was piloted by the Agricultural Programming and Policy Office of the Ministry of Livestock, Agriculture and Fisheries, in coordination with the National Response System to Climate Change and Variability. The United Nations Development Program (UNDP) and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) provided technical support, within the framework of the program for integrating agriculture into national plans. National Adaptation Programs (NAP-Ag) funded by the German government. [UNDP Press Release] [Uruguayan National Adaptation Plan to Climate Variability and Change for the Agricultural Sector (in Spanish)]

Lana T. Arthur