Investments in agricultural research increase the added value by 32 on average
KYIV. December 2 (Interfax-Ukraine) – Investments in research and development (R&D) and long-term precision agriculture will increase investment in GDP by more than 30 times, said Oleh Nivievsky, professor at Kyiv School of Economics (KSE) at a press conference. roundtable at Interfax-Ukraine on Thursday.
“One dollar of investment in agricultural research produces an average of $ 32 in national wealth over the long term. Compared to infrastructure investments, the figure can go up to $ 5 per dollar invested. agricultural R&D is much higher than it seems “, he stressed.
In addition, according to the expert, for the Ukrainian conditions of investment in agrarian R&D with the simultaneous introduction of precision farming methods, this indicator can be increased by 10%.
The round table on the development of precision agriculture was also attended by Olha Trofimtseva, President of the Ukrainian Agro-Food Platform; Serhiy Sychevsky, director of business development at Bayer; Dmytro Zaitsev, head of precision farming at Continental Farmers Group; Head of the Precision Agriculture and Telemetry Department in Ukraine, Moldavia, Scandinavia and the Baltic States at CNH Ukraine Mykola Chornonos; Kyrylo Druzhinin, Director of Innovation at Agrain.
“If the technology answers one of the two following questions: to facilitate a person’s working conditions or to improve his results, then it already makes sense to study it. In addition, the area of the field is studied, the crops who are planted there, what technology and production culture we have, ”explained Continental representative Zaitsev, approaching the introduction of precision agriculture.
The representative of the Agrain farm, Druzhinin, in turn clarified that the methods of introducing precision farming can differ considerably for farms with thousands of hectares in processing and for farmers with a reserve. land tenure of hectares. Another trend in precision agriculture, he said, will be a reduction in the number of workers in agriculture and a shift in the demand for occupations: for example, now tractor operators on a farm are more likely to ” perform the functions of operators controlling the autonomous operation of machines.
“The advancements we have in technology are just space. If you think of machines as something that does something for you, you won’t see any progress. But if you see them as a way to make work easier and a way to reduce costs, then we have the fact of a technological revolution unfolding before our eyes, ”Druzhinin stressed.
According to him, at present, Agrain has practically completed the transfer of equipment to the autonomous treatment of fields, when agricultural machinery can independently move along the specified navigation lines not only in a straight line, but also in the aisles.
Serhiy Sychevsky clarified that one of the problems of the widespread introduction of autonomous machines is the small number of innovative machines in Ukraine capable of generating data on the movement, which can be read and used by equipment from other manufacturers at the future. He cited Bayer estimates that in Ukraine currently only about 20 percent of combines and seed drills can generate high-quality navigation data for autonomous operation.
“I will make a small point: at the Agritech trade fair in Germany, we will offer a solution that we will also offer in Ukraine. This will increase the number of compatible combines that can generate such information in the field, ”explains Bayer’s business development. said the manager.
CNH Ukraine representative Mykola Chornonos highlighted a significant shortage of personnel capable of developing the direction of precision agriculture, especially specialists in the field of data analysis and machine learning. During the discussion, the participants supported the opinion that not a single educational institution in Ukraine prepares specialists in this industry, while agricultural enterprises themselves are engaged in their training “from scratch “.
He also noted the need for the State to determine the strategic orientations for the development of the agro-industrial complex and to initiate its development.
“If you look, in recent years there has been an increase in the service orientation of the agro-industrial complex. In fact, all manufacturing companies are turning to cooperative service models with their end customers. One of the good cases where you can see this transformation is the drone market, which is growing every year. This year, if I’m not mistaken, their growth has been 700%. Where else can you see this? ”Said Olha Trofimtseva.
Despite such volumes of market growth, these companies are gradually shifting to a service work model, selling not only equipment, but also services for its maintenance.