This is the fifth in a series of policy guides developed to assist policymakers and practitioners in Asia and the Pacific in their efforts to strengthen social protection. This policy guide explains why social protection is important for people with disabilities and introduces key concepts and regimes necessary for disability-inclusive social protection.
THE IMPORTANCE OF SOCIAL PROTECTION FOR PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES
Asia and the Pacific are home to more than 690 million people, including women, men and children with some form of disability, many of whom are invisible, unknown and not counted.
People with disabilities are defined as “those who have long-term physical, mental, intellectual or sensory impairments which, in interaction with various obstacles, may hinder their full and effective participation in society on an equal basis with others” (Convention on the Rights of the Person with Disabilities (CRPD), article 1).
Social protection of people with disabilities is fundamental to ensure their effective integration and active participation in society. Through the provision of essential health care and income security across the lifespan, social protection plays a critical role in reducing and preventing poverty, leveling inequalities and building resilience for women. all against shocks and crises throughout the life cycle. To promote universal social protection, systems and schemes must be designed to respond to the specific circumstances of different groups of people and the situations they may face.