Climate change affects the agricultural sector in a general way
Climate change is having a widespread impact on the agricultural sector. The rate of hunger in the world is also increasing, increasing the demand for vegetation conservation measures. Residents and farmers can improve agricultural production by minimizing adverse ecological effects.
The sun can cause long-term damage to gardens and farms. Individuals can prepare their crops for summer heat by expanding their education. There are five ways farm workers can protect their plants from sun and heat.
Why is sun exposure bad for plants?
In elementary school, students learn about photosynthesis. The teachers explain that sunlight and water make plants grow and produce food. As the climate changes, exposure to sunlight and increased temperatures affect the process of photosynthesis.
Plants with high light intensity can benefit from increased sun exposure, and plants with low light intensity experience adverse effects. Researchers from Michigan State University explored the impacts of sun exposure on crops. They found that the chloroplast thylakoid membrane protein (MPH2) influenced plant repair under extreme light conditions.
MPH2 repairs the process of photosynthesis II (PSII). Excessive sunlight can cause PSII deficiencies, damaging the reaction center of a culture. Farmers and residential gardeners should protect MPH2 and PSII by minimizing excessive sun exposure.
Individuals should also protect the floor from intensive light exposure. Too much sunlight can deplete soil nutrients through evaporation, causing erosion. Some farmers directly prevent light exposure by applying shade cloths to their crops.
1. Shade cloth
In southern regions, many farmers place shade cloths over their crops. Cloths reduce overheating and sun damage. Manufacturers develop products from polyester or polyethylene materials.
The application of shade cloths is a cost effective response to the effects of climate change. the materials cost up to $0.30 per square foot and are easy to install. Shade cloths last up to 10 years.
2. Plant sunscreen
Manufacturers also create sunscreen for plants, which is similar to human-grade sunscreen. Individuals can apply kaolin mineral solutions to crops and minimize the negative effects of light and heat. the the substance creates a barrier film on plants, reducing direct exposure to light.
Farmers and gardeners can easily spray the substance on their crops. Individuals should obtain solutions regulated by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) for their plants. EPA mineral spray also protects crops from pest interference, minimizing wasted food and resources.
3. Solar panels
Some farmers are also target the cause of climate change and actively prevent current damage with solar panels. Individuals can place their crops under panels to reduce light exposure while producing emission-free electricity.
A farmer grows his salsa ingredients under photovoltaic (PV) solar panels. By doing so, they protect their peppers, tomatoes and cilantro from PSII damage. When individuals use panels in agriculture, they also minimize their water consumption. They too access low-cost electricity supplies for additional agricultural needs.
4. Indoor Vertical Gardens
Another method of damage prevention involves vertical farming techniques. indoor vertical the gardens are compatible with the urban the spaces. Major cities experience adverse temperature changes due to the heat island effect in summer.
Vertical trusses prevent sunlight damage by moving plants indoors. NASA built the first vertical garden to explore farming options in the space. Professionals used lighting, ventilation and water circulation systems to support crop development.
Individuals can control indoor lighting using advanced technological systems. By using regulatory technology, gardeners and farmers can reduce hunger rates. The farming method also minimizes the use of water, which decreases the exploitation of resources.
5. Smart sprinklers
The latest method of crop protection relies on smart sprinklers. As global temperatures rise, the rate of evaporation follows. Keeping the soil moist is essential for crop production and protection.
Individuals can install smart sprinklers to minimize soil erosion. the sprinklers use the internet of things (IoT) to regulate irrigation schedules based on real-time weather. Smart sprinklers reduce overwatering and underwatering with advanced technology.
When should you apply crop protection measures?
Spring is the best time to install smart sprinklers, shade cloths or other crop protection devices. Strong exposure to the sun also harms human health. People need to minimize their time in the sun to reduce overheating and scorching – and the same goes for crops.
Jeanne Marsh:Editor-in-chief @Environment