Agricultural Sector Losses Due to War Surpass $4 Billion


The total losses of the Ukrainian agricultural sector resulting from the Russian military attack reached 4.3 billion dollars, with the largest losses being due to the destruction or damage to land.

This is declared in the Examination of Ukrainian agricultural losses from the war in Ukraine produced by the Food and Land Use Research Center of the Kyiv School of Economics (KSE) Institute in collaboration with the Ministry of Agrarian Policy.

Thus, in the general picture of damage, the largest losses recorded are due to the destruction or partial damage of agricultural land and crop failure – 2.1 billion dollars.

In addition to direct damage to land, occupation, hostilities and pollution from mines limit farmers’ access to fields and their opportunities to harvest. An estimated 2.4 million hectares of winter crops worth $1.4 billion will remain unharvested due to Russian aggression.

The estimated cost of replacing and repairing damaged farm machinery is $926.1 million.

Farmland itself has suffered two major types of damage: mine pollution and direct physical damage. The cost of surveying lands at high risk of mine contamination and clearing them is estimated at $436 million.

Moreover, the southern regions, currently suffering from Russian occupation and heavy fighting, are also the regions with the most developed irrigation infrastructure. The estimated cost of its replacement and repair is $225 million.

There is also evidence that Russia is deliberately eliminating silo capacity in order to weaken Ukraine’s agricultural sector. The total amount of these losses is $272 million.

Animals are also dying because of the actions of the occupants. The estimated number of animals killed by Russian aggression in the affected areas is 42,000 sheep and goats, 92,000 cattle, 258,000 pigs and over 5,700,000 poultry.

Losses in this sector are estimated at over $136 million. Domestic animals not only die directly from active hostilities, but also from limited physical access to farms, and [farmers having] limited opportunities to purchase animal feed and provide veterinary services.

Lana T. Arthur